Usage Of E-Passports In The World

The world is becoming more globalized every day, and the differences between countries are disappearing. In the past, it was necessary to have quite different permissions to travel between countries and regions. Although similar procedures still apply today, it has become quite easy to benefit from services and travel thanks to some developments. We need a passport as well as a visa to travel and work between countries. Passport and visa procedures have constantly evolved from the past to the present. Passports must be created reliably to ensure their passage between countries. There have been many cases of fraud and deception related to passports. Therefore, we expect documents such as passports and identity cards to have advanced security features that are compatible with today’s technology. Additionally, thanks to new passport technologies, many companies will be able to meet their personnel needs more easily.

What is an e-passport?

Many new technologies are being developed today to protect personal information and identities. Chip systems have been developed to allow individuals to pass through and control their identities for trustworthiness. As there is a high demand for immigrants in all countries, individuals are brought in accordance with the demands and characteristics of countries through this system. Chip systems are quite reliable because they contain important personal information and it is difficult to create deceptive identities. Today, many countries have begun to use chip systems in passports. Thanks to the technology in chip systems, it has become easy to travel and pass between countries in a reliable way. This type of passport can also be called a chip passport, a biometric passport, or an e-passport.

What Are The Features Of E-Passports?

Passports and their types

E-passports, also known as biometric passports, are reliable documents that contain all of an individual’s identification information. They include the individual’s photo, fingerprint, signature, and biometric data. The most significant difference between these passports and others is that they have a chip and can store fingerprint and biometric data. They are similar in nature to machine-readable passports, but they are equipped with higher security layers. These passports have chips on the back cover or within the identity page. However, we can say that in many countries, chips are located on the back cover of the passport. Since the chip can be read with special devices, it provides a significant deterrent against many fraudulent attempts. The bottom of these passports contains two lines of 44 characters that can be read by devices.

Thanks to the technology offered in e-passports, visible information is compared with digitally stored information. Since reading is done with special devices, even if changes have been made to the passport, entry is not allowed if there is a contradiction between the information in the chip and the information in the passport. The contactless chip technology provides security at border gates and allows for quick passport checks. E-passports are also designed according to many standards. ICAO-compliant e-passports enable secure and controlled passage. There is no age limit for issuing e-passports. Therefore, it should be noted that there is no need to list an accompanying person on the passport. Biometric passports can be issued for a minimum of 6 months and a maximum of 10 years. However, passports for individuals under 18 can be issued for a maximum of 5 years.

Security Measures  Offered By E-Passports

How reliable is an e-passport?

Today, immigration issues are a significant problem faced by many countries. Additionally, individuals who wish to enter the country through terrorism or illegal means are highly dangerous. Therefore, countries place great emphasis on high security at border crossings. With these measures, it is easy to determine who enters and whether the documents are reliable. As with many cards we use today, the chipped systems developed on passports have been an important security step. While chipped systems ensure the reliability of the passport, this is not the only measure taken. E-passports are equipped with important security measures at all border points, starting at the production stage. Every process in all E-passport policies and practices has hidden security measures. Special papers, inks, and production techniques used by authorized agencies in passport issuance are included.

In addition to these measures, the chips contained within E-passports are encrypted against different types of intervention. These measures have been taken to prevent problems that may arise due to the theft of e-passports or other situations. As it is not possible to access these passwords, it has become impossible to issue fake passports. Furthermore, many special security systems have been developed to access the chips in e-passports. Therefore, even if the password is accessed by different individuals, it is not possible to make any writing on the chips. Additionally, digital signatures are provided on the chips using authorized signature authorities established by countries. This feature ensures that the data processed on the passport must be equivalent to the digital data on the chips. The security measures that e-passports have are crucial for countries and communities. Countries can keep individuals from crossing borders under control with these measures. Moreover, considering the remote work opportunities and personnel procurement from different countries today, these systems are necessary for investors. Many investors and entrepreneurs can select their personnel among E-passport holders. Additionally, they can take on the task of creating resources for new studies and developments in this field. Business processes will become more qualified as a result of the technologies that will be developed in this field.

Can Copying Be Done On E-Passports?

Is it possible for others to access an e-passport?

One of the most important questions about e-passports is whether they can be copied by different individuals. Theoretically, it seems possible to copy the information contained in an e-passport onto a different chip. However, during this copying process, some changes occur in the data. As a result of these changes, the digital signature on the passport becomes invalid. Due to the invalidation of the digital signature, the e-passport becomes unusable. Although it is theoretically possible for different individuals to create a digital signature, the public key directory will identify the certificate as fake. E-passport security measures are critical for many institutions and governments. Through this system, governments and other companies will be able to access a skilled workforce easily.

Another important issue regarding e-passports is access to individuals’ information. Personal information contained in e-passports cannot be viewed by different individuals. Although this information can be obtained in various ways and through fraud, it cannot be used. Furthermore, the visual section designated as machine-readable must be resolved to read the information contained in the e-passport. This situation does not seem very feasible.

As an investor, I consider the developments related to e-passports significant. I even want the security measures on these passports to be further improved and new investments to be made in this field.

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